Dresden is the state capital of the Free State of Saxony. It is home to the provincial government, the provincial council, and other provincial authorities. The city has more than 530,000 inhabitants and has the status of a city district
The city has created a number of Baroque, Classical and historicist buildings in the modern era, which have their meaning beyond the border of the state of Saxony. The most important buildings include the Zwinger (originally intended courtyard of a new castle but never built), the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, known as the Hofkirche, the monumental Protestant Frauenkirche with a ground plan, the Taschenbergpalais or the Semperoper State Opera House.
The world-famous museums are located in the Renaissance Residential Palace (Residenzschloss), which hosts various collections of Saxon elephants and kings. There is the largest Jewelery in Europe - Grunes Gewolbe, the Rüstkammer, the Kupferstichkabinett Cabinet, and the Mint Cabinet (Münzkabinett).
In the Zwinger area, besides the Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister and porcelain collections (Porzellansammlung), the Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon is also located. In Albertina there is the New Masters Gallery (Galerie Neue Meister).
Other museums are, for example, the Renaissance Johannes Museum (Transport Museum) and the Japanese Palace (Japanisches Palais - a museum of prehistory and ethnology). The unique Hygienic Museum (Hygienemuseum), which spreads the knowledge of health, human biology and medicine to the general public, is unique. The most famous exhibit is Transparent Woman. The Military Historical Museum of the Federal Army (Militärhistorisches Museum der Bundeswehr) is also a great attraction for visitors to the Saxon metropolis.
Unusual is the so-called Panometer with a monumental 360-degree panoramic image of Dresden, which shows the city's appearance in 1756.
A popular place is also Pillnitz Castle on the right bank of the Elbe. Nearby is the famous Moritzburg hunting lodge.
Dresden is a world-famous city of culture and art. In addition to 50 museums, many of which have valuable collections, Dresden has more than 35 theaters and several classical music. The opera house of Semperoper and the State Operetta in Saxony must be named. Saxon state band Dresden, currently headed by Chief Conductor Christiane Thielemann, is one of the best symphony orchestras on a global scale.
In Dresden there were many important composers and art painters in the past. The Czech Baroque composer and musician Jan Dismas Zelenka lived and composed in Dresden from 1710 (or 1711) until his death on 23 December 1745. Dresden also lived the painter (landscape) of the world renown Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840).